Anxiety and Motivation

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Literature Review

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PSYC 1150 – Fall 2020 Section 01

Introduction: The purpose of this assignment is to increase your ability for summarizing, synthesizing, and integrating information acquired from scholarly resources to direct future goals. Your paper should begin with introducing the reader to your topic and your research question you are interested in exploring. In the body paragraphs, you will detail how others tackled your research question or a research question similar to yours and their results. These findings will inform your opinion and what future studies can further answer your research question, which you will describe in your summary/concluding paragraph.

 

Grading

 

This assignment will be graded out of 50 points possible and will count towards 20% of your course grade. Your completed assignment should be submitted on Blackboard in advance of the deadline. LATE ASSIGNMENTS WILL IMMEDIATELY LOSE 10%- NO EXCEPTIONS! If you turn it in 1 minute late, you lose 10%, then 10% for each additional day it is late. After 5 days, it will not be accepted. Only assignments in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) or PDFs will be accepted. Assignments should be a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 8 pages, double-spaced (not including the title page and the reference page – do both in APA format!), in Times New Roman, 12pt font. Do not include an Abstract or Table of Contents with this assignment!

 

If you experience any technical difficulties with Blackboard, email your assignment to Healey Gardiner at gardineh@uwindsor.ca BEFORE the deadline.

 

Page Deductions will be taken if you don’t follow the minimum-maximum page guidelines for the assignment (this is explained at the bottom of this document).

 

You must put all ideas/answers IN YOUR OWN WORDS and provide proper citations and references for your source(s) using APA style.

 

Assignment Instructions

 

Select a topic from the list below, these are approved topics from the chapters covered this term. You MUST choose a topic listed here, using an unapproved topic will result in a grade of 0! This is so you can actually USE the textbook, what you study in relation to the chosen topic is up to you (i.e., if you choose “dreams” your research question can be about anything in relation to this topic). The topic MUST be discussed in the indicated chapter of the textbook; for instance, if you choose long-term memory, you must use section 7.1 of the text in your paper to discuss the topic.  

 

  1. Pseudoscience (Section 1.2)
  2. The Endocrine System (Section 3.3)
  3. Nature vs. Nurture (Section 3.5)
  4. The Visual System (Section 4.2)
  5. Taste (Section 4.4)
  6. Dreams (Section 5.2)
  7. Biological Influences on Learning (Section 6.4)
  8. Long-term Memory (Section 7.1)
  9. Motivation (Section 11.4)
  10. Attraction and Love (Section 11.5)

 

After choosing a topic, you will write a research paper. This paper is intended to form a simplified version of the literature review portion of a research proposal. Use the following rubric to construct your paper:

 

*Note: for all portions of this paper, unless absolutely necessary, you MUST paraphrase the information. There are very few reasons to use a direct quote, and therefore quotes should be used sparingly. Paraphrasing demonstrates that you understand the information in the sources. Overreliance on direct quoting will result in part marks for that portion of the assignment (indicated in the rubric).

 

Introductory paragraph (8 pts total).

The introductory paragraph MUST utilize the textbook (From Inquiry to Understanding by Lilienfeld et al.). You are required to define your main variables in this paragraph, thus you MUST utilize citations in this paragraph. The textbook MUST be utilized as a source in this paragraph- use it to define your variable that is associated with the chosen topic! For example, if you chose “Long-term Memory”, you can use the text to define the memory system. If you cite any of your 5 journal articles in this paragraph- that is allowed but sources (other than the textbook) cited in this paragraph will NOT count toward your mandatory 5 sources used in the body paragraphs (described below). This paragraph should include:

 

  1. An introductory statement stating your topic of interest (2pts)
0 1 2
Does not introduce the topic of interest Unclear, poorly written description of topic of interest; AND/OR relies on direct quoting from sources to describe topic and does not paraphrase the information Well written, clear introduction to the topic that was written in the student’s own words.

 

 

  1. Clear, operational definitions of your main variables (2pts)
0 .5 1 1.5 2
Does not define the variables of interest. Unclear, poorly written definition of variables of interest; AND/OR not all main variables were defined; AND/OR direct quotes were utilized for existing definitions Relied on direct quotes for definitions of main variables Defines the main variables by paraphrasing, definitions lack clarity or specificity Well written, clear definitions of all variables of interest; definitions were paraphrased and not directly quoted from a source.

 

  1. State your research question, based on the topic you introduced and the variables you have identified, what is your question you would want to investigate? (2pts)
    1. DO NOT CHOOSE A QUESTION ALREADY ANSWERED IN YOUR TEXTBOOK! For example, If you chose to write about eating disorders (section 11.4), do not make your question “what are the symptoms of Anorexia?”—that is already answered in your text. Make this a learning exercise for you!
0 1 2
Does not state a research question Unclear, poorly written research question. Well written, clear statement of a research question that incorporates each variable.

 

  1. The textbook was utilized to define relevant variable(s) and introduce reader to the topic (2pts)
    1. TO CITE REVEL: Cite as though it was a physical textbook- the information you need can be found on the copyright page at the very end of the REVEL online book, use the most recent copyright year

 

NOTE: A proper introduction includes a thesis statement introducing the topic with a concise, operational definition. Include information about the topic, and offer a research question that you will later inform with existing literature in your literature review. Do NOT include information from your literature review in the introduction. Your introduction introduces the reader to the topic, but a comprehensive literature review comes afterward.

 

0 1 2
Does not utilize text Textbook was utilized sparingly, AND/OR incorporation of the information from the textbook was unclear (ex: was not utilized to define applicable variable(s), irrelevant information from the text included in the introductory paragraph). Relevant definitions and information from the textbook was thoroughly and clearly incorporated into the introduction.

 

 

 

 

Body Paragraphs (1 paragraph/article, 5pts/source = 25 pts total):

 

Do a literature review in APA style on your research question topic above using 5 journal articles from scholarly journals. Each of the 5 journal articles MUST DISCUSS SOME FORM OF FORMAL RESEARCH STUDY- META ANALYSES AND REVIEW PAPERS ARE NOT ALLOWED.

Each source must directly inform your research question! These are the MINIMUM required sources- you may use additional resources, but only the first 5 sources will be marked! (5 pts per source – 25 pts total)

 

When writing the body paragraphs, dedicate one body paragraph to review each source, meaning ONE PARAGRAPH PER SOURCE.

*Note. Each source (and by extension each paragraph) will be marked separately using the rubrics below.

 

For each source, you must include the following, in one paragraph per source:

 

  1. Review the purpose of the study, and the methods the authors used to conduct the study- i.e., what were they investigating and how did they do it? This summary should be brief, outlining who the population was that they looked at (men, women, elderly, etc.), and how they conducted the study (surveys, experiment, etc.). You should summarize this information in your OWN words (2pts)
0 0.5 1 1.5 2
Source is missing; AND/OR the source does not relate or inform the research question; AND/OR no explanation of the purpose of the study, the population, or the methods.     Very unclear, poorly written use of the source. Includes a description of one of either the purpose, methods, or population studied, but not all three; AND/OR source only loosely relates to the research question Somewhat unclear description of the purpose and methods used in the source; AND/OR; includes a description of two of either the purpose, methods, or population studied, but not all three; AND/OR majority of information is directly quoted from the source, not paraphrased Good explanation of the purpose of the study, and the methods and population, lacks some clarity or specificity; AND/OR some direct quoting was utilized Well written, clear description of the purpose of the study and the methods used. Information is paraphrased in writer’s own words.

 

  1. Explain the results of the study- what did the author(s) find and what do these findings mean? This explanation should be written in your own words, without utilizing statistical values (i.e., do not report things like “variable A was significantly related to variable B, p = 0.8”, explain what the results actually MEAN). (2pts)
0 0.5 1 1.5 2
Source is missing; AND/OR the source does not relate or inform the research question; AND/OR no explanation of the results of the study.     Very unclear, poorly written use of the source. Includes a vague, unclear description of the results; AND/OR source only loosely relates to the research question Somewhat unclear description of the results of the study; AND/OR states the results but does not offer an interpretation of what the results mean; AND/OR majority of information is directly quoted from the source, not paraphrased Good explanation of the results of the study, lacks some clarity or specificity; AND/OR some direct quoting was utilized Well written, clear description of the results of the study. Information is paraphrased in writer’s own words.

 

  1. State how the findings of this source inform your research question. Meaning, what does it tell you about the research question you have? (1pt)
0 .5 1
Source is missing; AND/OR source does not relate or inform the research question; AND/OR no explanation of how the source informs the research question Unclear, poorly written explanation of how the source informs the research question; AND/OR relies on direct quoting from sources to describe and does not paraphrase the information Well written, clear explanation of how the source informs the research question that was written in the student’s own words.

 

Summary paragraph, indication of future direction (6pts); summary must include:

 

  1. Summarize your literature review- what have the 5 sources taught you about your research topic and the research question you proposed? (2pts)
0 1 2
No summary of the literature review present     Somewhat unclear summary of the literature review that does not integrate the findings of all the sources; AND/OR majority of information is directly quoted from the source, not paraphrased Well written, clear summary of the literature review. Information is paraphrased in writer’s own words.

 

  1. Are there any inconsistencies (gaps) in the literature, or are the findings fairly consistent (be specific about where/how the literature is consistent or inconsistent)? In other words, do you see any opportunities or missing pieces? For example, a gap in the literature may be that people only ever studied women. Or results may be inconsistent: some sources report significant results and others report non-significant results. Or is the literature fairly consistent and straightforward about this topic? (2pts)
0 1 2
No mention of consistencies or inconsistencies in the literature     Mentions that the literature is either consistent, or there are inconsistencies and gaps present but does not explain how; AND/OR majority of information is directly quoted from the source, not paraphrased Well written, clear explanation of the literature that identifies any consistencies or inconsistencies. Information is paraphrased in writer’s own words.

 

  1. Summarize the future directions on the research topic that have been suggested by the authors of your sources—what would be the next steps to research this topic? (2pts)
0 1 2
No mention of future directions of study     Somewhat unclear explanation of future directions; AND/OR majority of information is directly quoted from the source, not paraphrased Well written, clear indication of future directions of research. Information is paraphrased in writer’s own words.

 

APA Format

 

*Note: Plagiarism: Only having in-text citations and/or a reference page but not both or copying direct quotes but citing as though you paraphrased the information (i.e. not using quotation marks) is plagiarism and will result in a 0 for the assignment! If you do not understand APA consult the resources on BB, online, the Writing Desk, or contact a GA/TA!!

 

0 2 4 6 8 11
Severe APA infractions (e.g., completely omitting in-text citations and/or reference list for several sources).

 

Serious APA infractions

(e.g., significant errors in references/citations, including some sources on the reference page but failing to in-text cite).

Major APA infractions (e.g., not consistently citing information from secondary sources).

 

Moderate APA infractions (e.g., only including page numbers in-text, errors in reference format). Minor APA infractions (e.g., including page number instead of year, listing authors in the reference page alphabetically instead of according to authorship). No APA infractions (e.g., proper crediting of sources, correct formatting for in-text citations and references).

 

Deductions:

  • -1 pt./page for being under the 6-page minimum.
  • -1 pt./page for being over the 8-page maximum.
  • One pt. deduction for EACH missing source (MINIMUM SOURCES: TEXTBOOK, 5 SCHOLARLY JOURNAL ARTICLES = 6 sources)

 

 

YOUR FINAL PROJECT MUST BE SUBMITTED ON BLACKBOARD on Monday, November 2nd by 4:00 PM (not 4:01 – it is due at 4:00 PM) LATE WORK LOSES 10% IMMEDIATELY, THEN 10% EACH DAY AFTER. AFTER 5 DAYS (NOV 7), IT IS A 0!

 

 

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