Final Communication 10 pages that do not include title and reference I provide the 2 assignment that is needed which is already 8 pages you just have to re

Final Communication 10 pages that do not include title and reference I provide the 2 assignment that is needed which is already 8 pages you just have to re-word it and answer all the questions within the instruction and put some polishing touch. Running Head: USE OF FORCE 1


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Final Communication 10 pages that do not include title and reference I provide the 2 assignment that is needed which is already 8 pages you just have to re
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Use of Force Complaints
Shawnette Howard

The use of force by police against the police has risen over the years, with civilians levying numerous cases of police use of force that they cite as inappropriate on them. The facility has seen; a rise of complaints launched against police for their use of force between 2009 and 2015. The number of complaints went down in 2016. However, police’s inappropriate use of force has risen to become a social issue that even the international community recognizes and unites to speak up. Law enforcement agencies, including the police, are only mandated to use the amount of force necessary to mitigate an incident, protect themselves, and arrest an individual. The force continuum police should use includes basic physical and verbal restraints, a less dangerous, and lethal force.
Although the force levels a police officer uses vary based on the situations, guidelines are governing the use of force founded on numerous factors such as the officers’ experience levels. The goal is for officers to gain control of the situation as soon as possible and protect the community. However, the use of force should be an officer’s last option. The use of force often leads to adverse consequences, including the death of suspects, which is why the issue should be remedied to restore the community’s faith in police officers and their ability to protect them.
The use of force by police can be understood through sociological, psychological, and organizational theories. One element of the sociological theory is that police conduct is primarily influenced by the social dynamics of the encounters between the police and the citizen. An example is the Donald Black sociological law that holds that the quality of law is impacted by the social attributes of the parties involved, including suspects, victims, defendants, and plaintiffs (Lempert, & Sanders, 2016). This theory supports the notion that police are not likely to take any legal or coercive against individuals portraying lower social status. This includes the poor, ethnic, and racial minorities who low-status individuals have accused. However, they are more likely to take action for low-status individuals who people have accused from a higher status. This approach, therefore, directs attention to structural attributes of the situations in which civilians and officers interact, including race, class, complainant’s gender and dispositional preferences. The dispositional tendencies include social class, whether they want offenders arrested, sobriety gender, and the demeanour displayed by the suspects.
The psychological approach focuses on the variation between the conduct of the police in their behavioural dispositions obscured by the sociological approach. This notion directs attention to personality traits and outlooks that often elicit different responses from various police officers in similar situations. It also underlies numerous suspicions concerning behavioural differences relative to a police officer’s gender, race, and educational background. Although female and black officers are expected to have different perspectives from white officers and less educated ones, the difference manifests in the behavioural patterns of these offices. In addition, police officers using excessive force are more likely to endorse authoritarian leadership. Less experienced officers are also more likely to be active during patrol and act aggressively than those who have served for longer.
The behaviour of police officers can also be explained by emphasizing the features of the organizations they work for. Organizations operating under the watchman style instead of the service style are more likely to use improper force following a disrespect to their authority (Shjarback, 2016). Administrative controls also play a significant role in the use of force by police officers. Organizations with clear boundaries around using deadly force and have provided effective enforcement do not experience excessive use of force by police from the community. A formal structure governing police conduct also explains the behaviour of police in situations where they use force. An organization with rewards and incentives for positive behaviour can significantly reduce police officers’ excessive use of force.
Police organizations have developed interventions focused on different police officer groups in various chapters of their careers. Police departments are working together with psychologists to train procedural fair policing (Abrams, 20200. This approach focuses on increasing the public’s trust by relying on psychological research on fairness and justice. It encompasses teaching officers’ tactics, such as explaining to citizens why they have been stopped and how this will prove beneficial to public safety. The use of force promotes compliance but at the same time lowers the trust between the police and the community.
Therefore, it is essential to give individuals a voice and a chance to explain themselves before taking action. This lets individuals know that the police are sincere and re concerned about the well being of the community and that they can also act in an unbiased and consistent way. Police departments employ psychology-driven policies that help reduce the adrenaline during encounters between the police and the citizen that most likely depend on stereotypes. Psychology is also targeting implicit bias that has been documented in various populations and domains.
Peer intervention is also another promising intervention in reducing violence and brutality among police officers (Aronie, & Lopez, 2017). This means that police officers have to work collaboratively to keep each other out of trouble. An example is when an officer is faced with a difficult situation with a suspect and is about to use excessive force on the suspect even though it is unnecessary. Their peer should come in between and stop the officer from taking the law into their hands. However, this requires a culture change where officers should be comfortable giving and receiving this kind of intervention. This culture must be modelled and supported by the highest level of leadership.
Additionally, police officers are now being held accountable for their excessive use of force against civilians. One such case is the case of George Floyd that happened recently. The police officer responsible was taken to court and charged for the murder of George Floyd. Therefore, police organizations should punish and hold officers accountable whenever there are complaints of excessive use of force by police, and there is enough evidence supporting the claims. This is why police should wear wearables that will also control their induct while interacting with the public.
Police officers communicate one on one with the public daily. It is critical for an officer to be able to communicate with diverse individuals. Cultural diversity training is a strategy that promotes communication by training police officers on cultural awareness and communication. This involves training that includes race relations, racial awareness, and sensitivity. Digital and social media is also another strategy that is effective in promoting communication with diverse communications. Therefore, the police officers should receive training that will improve their cultural sensitivity and educate them on the use of media in communication with diverse populations.
The data proves that excessive force by police officers is a real issue that needs to be addressed despite the decline in 2016. Police organizations are working with psychologists to deal with the problem and reduce the adrenaline involved in interactions between police and civilians, encourage peer to peer interventions, and hold guilty officers accountable for their actions. The root causes of excessive use of force are divided into sociological including race, gender, and social status, psychological which involve the officers’ perception about the sociological factors, and organizational factors that affect the culture of the various organizations where police officers work.

Abrams, Z. (2020). What works to reduce police brutality. American Psychological Association. Retrieved from:
Aronie, J., & Lopez, C. E. (2017). Keeping each other safe: An assessment of the use of peer intervention programs to prevent police officer mistakes and misconduct, using New Orleans’ EPIC program as a potential national model. Police Quarterly, 20(3), 295-321.
Lempert, R., & Sanders, J. (2016). An invitation to law and social science. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Shjarback, J. (2016). Cops, culture, and context: the integration of structural and cultural elements for explanations of police use of force. Arizona State University.

Homework Writings Pro
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why should I choose Homework Writings Pro as my essay writing service?

We Follow Instructions and Give Quality Papers

We are strict in following paper instructions. You are welcome to provide directions to your writer, who will follow it as a law in customizing your paper. Quality is guaranteed! Every paper is carefully checked before delivery. Our writers are professionals and always deliver the highest quality work.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Reasonable Prices and Free Unlimited Revisions

Typical student budget? No problem. Affordable rates, generous discounts - the more you order, the more you save. We reward loyalty and welcome new customers. Furthermore, if you think we missed something, please send your order for a free review. You can do this yourself by logging into your personal account or by contacting our support..

Essay Delivered On Time and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

Your essay will arrive on time, or even before your deadline – even if you request your paper within hours. You won’t be kept waiting, so relax and work on other tasks.We also guatantee a refund in case you decide to cancel your order.

100% Original Essay and Confidentiality

Anti-plagiarism policy. The authenticity of each essay is carefully checked, resulting in truly unique works. Our collaboration is a secret kept safe with us. We only need your email address to send you a unique username and password. We never share personal customer information.

24/7 Customer Support

We recognize that people around the world use our services in different time zones, so we have a support team that is happy to help you use our service. Our writing service has a 24/7 support policy. Contact us and discover all the details that may interest you!

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Our reputation for excellence in providing professional tailor-made essay writing services to students of different academic levels is the best proof of our reliability and quality of service we offer.


Essay Writing Service

When using our academic writing services, you can get help with different types of work including college essays, research articles, writing, essay writing, various academic reports, book reports and so on. Whatever your task, has experienced specialists qualified enough to handle it professionally.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our professional editor will check your grammar to make sure it is free from errors. You can rest assured that we will do our best to provide you with a piece of dignified academic writing. Homeworkwritingpro experts can manage any assignment in any academic field.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.