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QUESTION 1

Robert Kennedy’s 1968 speech at the University of Kansas focused on which of the following points?

a.

an emphasis on more positive ways to raise children

b.

the value of encouraging racial harmony

c.

the things in life that make it worthwhile

d.

the importance of achievement to well-being

QUESTION 2

The authors believe that for positive psychology to become more prevalent, it must be based upon ______.

a.

sociocultural perspectives

b.

anecdotes from clients

c.

scientific principles

d.

desirable virtues

QUESTION 3

Which of the following events helped increase research on understanding and therapeutic treatment of mental illness by awarding grants?

a.

the creation of the national institutes of health

b.

the founding of the veterans administration

c.

the initial publishing of psychology today

d.

the development of intelligence tests in the early 20th century

QUESTION 4

In what way does prevention differ from pathologizing?

a.

Prevention uses positivity to shift focus away from needing treatment.

b.

Prevention aims to promote human virtues within younger people.

c.

Prevention involves increased study of curing mental illness.

d.

Prevention uses more systematic methods of treating mental illness.

QUESTION 5

According to Seligman, psychologists previously viewed people as being ______, which affected how they treated patients.

a.

unmotivated

b.

essentially passive

c.

neurotic and unstable

d.

strong-willed

QUESTION 6

What kind of news story is someone most likely to be presented with?

a.

a powerful story

b.

a negative story

c.

an enlightening story

d.

a joyful story

QUESTION 7

After reading Snyder’s story about the airport delay, how did his readers react?

a.

They responded favorably and wished for more stories.

b.

They did not believe the story, claiming it was unrealistic.

c.

They enjoyed it but still reacted negatively to the parts about the airport delays.

d.

They preferred that the editors continued to feature “regular” news.

QUESTION 8

When examining pathology in nondominant groups, what would the likely revelation be?

a.

Nondominant groups do not display many symptoms of most mental illnesses.

b.

Nondominant groups are not represented enough for any meaningful results.

c.

Minorities tend to be easier to treat when it comes to mental illness.

d.

There exists too much pathologizing of minorities due to a bias toward Western culture.

QUESTION 9

A comprehensive and valid approach to psychology includes understanding cultural factors and ______.

a.

stressors and resources in the environment

b.

assimilation to the dominant culture

c.

assessment of disorders

d.

research methods

QUESTION 10

Which of the following statements describes the issue that comes along with reality negotiation?

a.

Prevailing views have ties to society’s most powerful people, groups, and institutions.

b.

Ongoing political strife from all viewpoints leads to an imbalance who controls the negotiations.

c.

Disagreements about humanity’s purpose skews the opinions of all involved.

d.

Common people are unsure of how to engage in negotiations, which halts progress.

QUESTION 11

Which of the following would help both traditional and positive psychologists continue to strive toward understanding and helping people?

a.

embracing both viewpoints while keeping cultural contexts in mind

b.

choosing which side will ultimately result in the improvement of society

c.

founding another field that will supersede both perspectives

d.

continuing their research and practice in equally important fields

QUESTION 12

Who initially coined the phrase positive psychology?

a.

Abraham Maslow

b.

Martin Seligman

c.

Sigmund Freud

d.

Carl Rogers

0.5 points

QUESTION 13

Seligman’s work to strengthen the positive psychology movement included ______.

a.

deemphasizing other perspectives

b.

initiating conferences and providing research grants

c.

printing more materials and dominating the market

d.

utilizing media platforms to spread the word

QUESTION 14

While continuing to study strengths within positive psychology, it is important to remember that ______.

a.

diversity should not influence treatment

b.

certain strengths are more useful

c.

weaknesses should not be emphasized

d.

people are diverse, so context matters

QUESTION 15

In addition to applying good scientific practices, what else does the field of positive psychology require?

a.

more practitioners

b.

less distractions from other fields

c.

research grants

d.

skeptical and open minds

QUESTION 16

Which of the following best describes the contrast that exists between trying to avoid unwanted outcomes and thinking of what one wants to happen?

a.

People who avoid unwanted outcomes are generally unhappy.

b.

People who are oriented toward only thinking of what they want to happen are likely to fail, unlike those who manage to avoid failure.

c.

Anyone who thinks of what they want to happen tends to see desirable results.

d.

Those who try to avoid unwanted outcomes become more reactive than those pursuing happier circumstances.

QUESTION 17

Which of these strategies fits within the purpose of the Life Enhancement Strategies?

a.

sharing emotions with a family member

b.

conscientious work

c.

containing negative emotions

d.

mindfulness meditation

QUESTION 18

How would developmental researchers describe the contribution of love, work, and play to human life?

a.

They are associated with human growth and successful aging.

b.

They do not have much influence on growth but do in other areas.

c.

They are more applicable in adulthood.

d.

They correlate with age.

QUESTION 19

Around the 5th-century BC, what would leaders in Athens have dedicated their resources toward in relation to positive psychology?

a.

human virtues such as good character and actions

b.

defining honor and discipline

c.

understanding scholarliness

d.

determining who had the best physical fitness

QUESTION 20

What is the authors’ purpose in providing a detailed list of movies to watch?

a.

to see the influence of psychology in films

b.

to help incorporate positive psychology into one’s leisure time

c.

to show flaws in movies that pertain to psychology

d.

to observe how prevalent negative emotions are in media

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